As of November 19th, 2010 the environmental protection commissioner has presented a design/timeline to address the issue of leaks in the Delaware Aqueduct. The Delaware water supply system consists of four reservoirs located more than 100 miles north of New York City and is connected by an 85-mile aqueduct. This system is intended to deliver up to 900 million gallons of water a day while currently producing 500 million gallons to the people of New York City and the surrounding areas. The aqueduct runs as deep as 1,500 feet under ground, with a tunnel diameter ranging from 13.5 to 19.5 feet. What many don’t realize, however, is the tunnel is mostly made out of unreinforced concrete. The problem with this is since the 1990’s there have been leaks in the towns of Roseton and Wawarsing where anywhere between 15 and 35 million gallons of water a day escape from the tunnel. Years of persistent testing and monitoring have confirmed locations of the leaks and the rate of the leakage has been constant since 1992. Since the discovery, DEP engineers and designers have developed a plan to repair the leakage “by building a bypass tunnel around the most significant leaking portions of the aqueduct”(DEP). The existing tunnel will be taken out of service to be repaired. The DEP is currently in the prep phase, where the department is “purchasing equipment for the repair; working on the design of the repair preparing contract documents for the repair; including the bypass tunnel performing physical investigations of geology at the site of the shafts and bypass tunnel; and assessments of environmental impacts of the project”(DEP). The current schedule to repairing the leak is: Step 1.Construction of new shafts that connect to the aqueduct and the bypass tunnel to begun in 2013 Step 2.Construction of the bypass tunnel to begin in 2015 and be completed in 2019 Step 3.Preparing the water supply system to handle the repair Step 4.Eliminating the leaks Approximate cost: $1.2 Billion





November 22, 2010

Max Schupfer


“Riverkeeper is an independent, member-supported environmental
organization founded on the premise that citizens themselves must roll
up their sleeves to defend our waterways.”

Riverkeeper is an environmental non-profit organization aimed to protect
the Hudson River and is also the first “keeper” organization to be
founded under the Waterkeeper Alliance. The Waterkeeper Alliance is an
environmental umbrella organization connecting many movements working to
protect bays, rivers, lakes and so forth with the name “keeper” attached
to it, such as Riverkeeper and Soundkeeper. Currently the Waterkeeper
alliance is best known for its work concerning the April 2010 BP oil
spill with numerous member organizations working together.
Riverkeeper was founded in 1983 in response to careless industrial
pollution contaminating the river. Today Riverkeeper is fighting many
different issues in order to protect the Hudson and its surroundings.
The organization does this by investigations of industrial zones and
developmental projects, litigation, and regulation of water pollution.
Some of the polluters Riverkeeper defeated include General Electric, Con
Edison, Metropolitan Transportation Authority and New York State
Department of transportation.
Riverkeeper is considered to be a large non-profit organization and gets
all its contributions from 5,000 plus “private and public supporters”.
Some of the large supporters include Google, AIG, and Hess Foundation
Riverkeeper’s latest news includes two victories against the Entergy
plant in Indian point, New York, where the organization “successfully
fended off two attempts to dismiss critical safety issues” (Article link



final project proposal

November 22, 2010

Final Project Proposal: Raising of the Bayonne Bridge

For my final project I would like to research the raising of the Bayonne Bridge. Currently the span of the bridge makes it impossible for larger container ships to pass under its 151 ft clearance. I will research all of the current options for the bridge as well as the pros/cons on the environment and economy. After reviewing all the options I will come up with my own potential solution to the issue. I also would like to visit the site, interview people and take photos to put into my presentation.


Kingston New York

November 1, 2010

Kingston New York, 91 Miles north of NYC sits just back from the hudson river. Roundout Creek on the south side of town cuts through from the mountains to the Hudson. This used to be an important port for transporting coal mined in Pennsylvania that came through on the Hudson Delaware Canal, to be shipped to NYC. Kingston is located just south of the Kingston/Rhinecliff bridge which connects the West and East sides of the river.


Kingston is home to 22,000  people today, this population has been decreasing annually lately.

The median household income is 45,000 dollars. Lower than the US average by about 10,000.

Mostly white but also has a substantial Black/African American and Latino/Hispanic population.

Roundout Creek a Landmark Historical site.


History: (max)

Industrial Past: (max)

Current Environmental Issues:

In 2002, this county ranked among the dirtier 40% of all counties in the U.S. in terms of land releases.

Listed as the top polluter in Kingston is Hunter Panels LLC, a roofing supply company which emits ozone depleting chemicals, and other neurotoxins, which may be harmful to humans.

The water is not looking so hot either.

The EPA website has 22 sites that report to them listed in kingston on ENVIROMAPPER. Several of which are permitted sites for direct overflow into the hudson. These include a variety of oil storage and treatment plants, ship making businesses industrial machinery manufacture, and others.

There are no Superfund sites in Kingston but there are three in Ulster County, One of which is a privately owned landfill which is surrounded by wetlands, and has high risk levels of migration of chemicals through this body of water. Petroleum Bulk stations on the water fronts are still active, and pose threats to both land and water pollution.

The Emerald Ash Borer

On another note, this little guy above was recently recorded in Ulster county, but is a statewide problem, an invasive insect which is killing Ash trees, which make up 7% of New York’s forests.

History of Kingston, New York

Five years after the Half Moon sailed the Hudson past where Kingston
would eventually be, it is believed that a small trading post had been
erected. By 1652 Dutch settlers purchased land from the Esopus tribe,
naming the village Esopus. Twelve years later the village was no longer
ruled by Holland becoming part of the English colony and was renamed
Kingston. Kingston quickly grew into a farm town shipping wheat up and
down the Hudson.
   In 1777 the state constitution was written, while Albany was
believed to be under threat of being attacked by Burgoyne and his army,
thinking Kingston would be a safe haven, it was chosen as the capital.
Soon after British forces attacked Kingston, cutting off wheat and other
food supplies to George Washington’s soldiers. Most of Kingston’s
infrastructure was burnt down to the ground and destroyed. After the
battle of Saratoga, tables were turned and the war leaned in favor of
the United States. The residents of Kingston soon returned and started
rebuilding the town, one step at a time.
    By 1825 Rondout Creek, later becoming part of Kingston in 1872,
became a popular landing for famers to ship and receive products from
New York City. Rondout eventually was a prominent port for
transportation of coal to New York from Pennsylvania through the
Delaware and Hudson Canal.  The canal created more stimulating growth
for farmers in Kingston and was one of the first large civil engineer
developments. Due to the extreme success and importance to New York and
Kingston the Delaware and Hudson Canal was declared a National Historic
Landmark. Kingston shipped and mined bluestone/cement for most of New
York City’s sidewalks and streets through Rondout Creek. The Canal came
to end in 1898 when railroads began to carry loads directly to New York
excluding Kingston. Soon after the canal was abandoned Delaware and
Hudson solely focused on its rail roads. Business quickly began to fade
as the town was excluded from trade.
   Currently Rondout is considered the historic district, the houses
and business are modeled after the old traditional style creating the
original essence of Kingston.,_NY.jpg